Which substance is characterized by a specific shape and volume?
Which substance takes the shape of and fills the volume?
Solid refers to the state of matter that has a fixed volume or shape. Liquid is the state where matter adjusts to the container’s shape but changes only in volume. Gas is the state of matter expanding to fit the container’s volume and shape.
Does a solid have a definite shape and volume?
Solids are defined by the shape and volume of particles within a solid. This is because they vibrate at fixed points.
What does a definite shape mean?
What does “definite” refer to? What does the term “definite” mean? However, the term definite does not mean that the volume or shape of a pencil will never change. A solid can be bent to change its shape, but it’s still solid.
Why Solid have a definite volume?
In the solid state, individual particles are fixed in relation to one another because there isn’t enough thermal energy to overcome intermolecular interactions. Solids are therefore defined by their volume and shape.
Why gas has no definite shape and volume?
Gases don’t have a specific shape or volume. This is because gases have very loosely packed molecules and large intermolecular spaces, which allows them to move around. Gases can take on any shape or volume because of the low force of attraction between molecules.
Is gas have a definite volume and mass?
Like liquids they have no definite form, but unlike liquids and solids, gases do not have a definite volume. There is no definite shape. It takes the form of the container it contains. Particles are in random motion and have little to no attraction to one another.
Does air have definite volume?
Air has no volume but can be compressed.
Does petrol have a definite shape?
Answer. Explanation: Gases don’t have a definite shape or volume.
Why do solids have a definite shape and size?
Solids are a fixed-shaped and fixed-sized material. These particles are extremely close together and held in position by strong forces (bonds). Although their particles are unable to move, they vibrate. A solid is a rigid structure that cannot be moved by the particles.
What happens to volume when pressure and temperature increases?
Volume will be inversely proportional with pressure if both the temperature and number of particles are constant. This occurs when the temperature increases. If the pressure and number of particles are equal, the temperature will be proportional to the volume.
What happens to volume when temperature is increased?
As the temperature rises, the volume of the gas will increase. The kinetic energy of gas molecules increases with increasing temperature. The container can expand so that the volume rises until the pressure returns back to its original value.