Is a president the head or state?
The President is the head of State and Head of Government of the United States of America and Commander-in Chief of the Armed Forces.
What is the major policy decision made in class 9th?
Answer. The government is the main decision-maker who issues notice, also known as office Memorandum, for issuing an order. However, there are also political parties involved in the government’s decision-making process. The President is the head of a country. Without him, notices cannot be issued.
How is a major decision made?
A government order is used to make a major policy decision. Issuing of Government Order A government order is a written directive on an issue that has been signed by an official (government authority). e.g. On 13th August, 1990 the Government of India issued an order. It was known as an Office Memorandum.
What is the purpose of memorandums?
Memos serve two purposes: they draw attention to problems and solve problems. Memos accomplish their goals by informing readers about changes in policy, price rises, or persuading them to take action such as attending a meeting or changing a current production process.
Which decision was taken by the government order passed on 13th August 1990?
In August 13, 1990, The Indian government issued an Office Memorandum. It stated that 27% of civil posts and services of the Government of India were reserved to the Socially and Economically Backward Class (SEBC).
What was the Supreme Court Judgment on a government order of 13 1990??
On the 13th of August, 1990, the Indian government issued an Office Memorandum which stated that 27% of the vacancies under the Government were reserved for those who belonged to socially and economically backward classes and these posts were in civil and other services.
Who were eligible for job reservation benefits before August 13 1990?
Prior to the August 13, 1990, order, job reservations were only available to Scheduled Tribes or Scheduled Castes. Explanation: This order was passed on the thirteenth of August 1990. It was known as Office Memorandum.
What was the Mandal Commission? Its specific recommendations for Class 9?
Mandal was its common name. Mandal Commission was established to determine the criteria for identifying the backward and socially disadvantaged classes of India and to recommend actions to be taken to help them progress.
Who signed the office memorandum
The order was signed by the Joint Secretary, an officer of the Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.