How do you calculate optimal quantities?Calculate Your Optimal Order Quantity

The formula you need to calculate optimal order quantity is: [2 * (Annual Usage in Units * Setup Cost) / Annual Carrying Cost per Unit]^(1/2). Substitute each input with your own figures.

How do you find optimal price and quantity?Our formula for optimal pricing tells us that p* = c – q / (dq/dp). Here, marginal costs are a bit sneaky — they enter directly, through the c, but also indirectly because a change in marginal cost will change prices which in turn changes both q and dq/dp.

How do you find the optimal quantity on a graph?Answer: To find the socially optimal amount of the good we need to set the market demand curve equal to the marginal cost curve. Here we assume that both the demand curve and the marginal cost curve include all the benefits and all the costs, respectively, that society faces with this good.

How do you find the optimal quantity in a perfectly competitive market?

How do you calculate optimal quantities? – Additional Questions

Where is socially optimal quantity?

Socially Optimum Quantity Formula; where marginal social benefit equals cost. In words this means that when the marginal social benefit of output is equal to the marginal social cost of output, then we will achieve the socially optimal quantity of output.

Economists define a “socially optimal solution” as “the optimal distribution of resources in society, taking into account all external costs and benefits as well as internal costs and benefits.”

What does social optimum mean in economics?

The social optimum is the allocation chosen by a benevolent social planner who is constrained only by the endowment of resources. If there are restrictions upon the policy instruments of the social planner the social optimum will not, in general, be achievable. From: social optimum in A Dictionary of Economics »

How do you find the socially optimal quantity in a monopoly?

How do you calculate socially efficient quantity?

The socially efficient quantity of lift tickets can be found by setting MSB = inverse supply curve, since there are no (net) marginal external costs. Thus 80 – (1/5)Q = (1/6)Q yielding Q = 218.18, or approximately 218.

What is the socially optimal level of pricing?

The socially optimal level of consumption of any good or service occurs where the benefit to the user of the last unit consumed (ie, the MPB) is no more and no less than the total cost borne by society when that unit is consumed (ie, the MSC).

What is the socially efficient price and quantity?

Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer! The correct answer is b. price = B; quantity = Y. The socially efficient prices and quantities are the prices and quantities that would occur in a See full answer below.

The profit-maximizing choice for the monopoly will be to produce at the quantity where marginal revenue is equal to marginal cost: that is, MR = MC. If the monopoly produces a lower quantity, then MR > MC at those levels of output, and the firm can make higher profits by expanding output.

What is profit maximization with example?

Examples of profit maximizations like this include: Find cheaper raw materials than those currently used. Find a supplier that offers better rates for inventory purchases. Find product sources with lower shipping fees. Reduce labor costs.

What is the formula for profit maximization?

One of the major conditions to maximize profits is that the marginal revenue and marginal cost must be equal (MC = MR).

How do you find the optimal price in Monopoly?

A monopolist can determine its profit-maximizing price and quantity by analyzing the marginal revenue and marginal costs of producing an extra unit. If the marginal revenue exceeds the marginal cost, then the firm should produce the extra unit.

What is a monopoly quantity?

3.5.2 Welfare Effects of Monopoly

The monopoly price and quantity are found where marginal revenue equals marginal cost (MR = MC): P_{M} and Q_{M}. The graph indicates that the monopoly reduces output from the competitive level in order to increase the price (P_{M} > P_{c} and Q_{M} < Q_{c}).

What is the difference between monopoly quantity and efficient quantity?

The allocatively efficient quantity of output, or the socially optimal quantity, is where the demand equals marginal cost, but the monopoly will not produce at this point. Instead, a monopoly produces too little output at too high a cost, resulting in deadweight loss.

Is monopoly efficient or inefficient?

According to general equilibrium economics, a free market is an efficient way to distribute goods and services, while a monopoly is inefficient. Inefficient distribution of goods and services is, by definition, a market failure. In a free market, the prices of goods and services is determined by open competition.

Why monopoly is less efficient?

A monopoly is less efficient in total gains from trade than a competitive market. Monopolies can become inefficient and less innovative over time because they do not have to compete with other producers in a marketplace.

Why is a monopoly not efficient?

In particular, the price charged by a monopoly is higher than the marginal cost of production, which violates the efficiency condition that price equals marginal cost. Monopoly is inefficient because it has market control and faces a negatively-sloped demand curve. Monopoly does not efficiently allocate resources.